Bamako is the nation's administrative centre, a junction on the Dakar-Niger RR and a major regional trade centre.
In the 18th century Bamako was a village of several hundred households with the main industries being fishing and agriculture.
France colonized Bamako in the 19th century and in 1905 the city became the capital of French Sudan.
In 1960, when Mali gained its ... More independence from France, Bamako became the capital of the country. Since then the city has been experiencing a radical urbanization.
Today Bamako is a charming city, with a botanical and zoological park and many decorative gardens.
Bamako's educational institutions include schools of administration, medicine, and engineering.
The city also has an international airport.
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