Museums are interesting too: the Sudan National Museum, the National Museum for Ethnography, Natural History Museum, the Khalifah House Museum are, with no doubt at all, places not to be missed.
The Mahdi's Tomb, a meaningful part of the country's heritage during the Mahdist Era, The Nile's Confluence, called the "Mougran", an outstanding natural attraction, visited by people from all over the world, along with other breath-taking ... More attractions like: the Camel Market, Omdurman Handicrafts Market, Abd-el-Qayum Gate, the Nile's Islands, the War cemetery, the church of St. Matthew, Sayeda El Bushara Church, Sayyid Ali's mosque, the Republican Palace, the Botanical Gardens ands west Omdurman's desert.
It is located on the western bank of the Blue Nile and forms a huge triangle, with its vertex at the confluence of the two Niles and the base bordering Gezira State about 30km south-eastward.
The climate is mainly tropical.
The city was founded in 1823 by Mehmet Ali and strengthened by walls and forts.
From 1899 to 1956 Khartoum was capital of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, and remained capital when Sudan became independent.
Khartoum, together with the ... More two other cities, Khartoum North and Omdurman forms what is called the Tripartite Capital.
The city lies near the rich, irrigated cotton-growing Gezira area to the south and much of its trade is based on Nile river traffic.
At present, Khartoum is a cosmopolitan city with a good variety of historic attractions, museums, free annual events, and tourist services.
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