Kurnool is a city situated in Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh. It is also the administrative seat of the Kurnool district. Moreover, it is the former capital of Andhra State, which was carved out of Madras State in 1953. The present Andhra Pradesh State was formed when Nizam, Andhra, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and parts of Bombay merged.
Kurnool is also the gateway to Rayalaseema and the largest city of Rayalaseema with a population of 2.7 lacs. Kurnool, as a village, has existed more than 2000 years. It was a main fort during the reign of the Vijayanagar emperors. Kurnool city lies on the south banks of the River Tungabhadra.
The average elevation of the city is 274 meters, which is around 898 feet. The Handry and the Neeva Rivers flow through the Kurnool city. The Kurnool Cuddapah canal was created by the British to provide irrigation to the city. This was the first ever canal in the world where the river flows below the canal.
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