Jammu and Kashmir, as the northern most state of India, is located by the Himalayan mountains.
Jammu and Kashmir is the 6th largest (in area) and one of the most scenic states of the country, with varied climatic conditions. It has a population of over 10 million.
Part of this mountainous state, consisting of 3 main hubs: Jammu, Kashmir & Ladhak, and has been a frequent basis for war between India & Pakistan as a disputed region; with some people of the state demanding for being an independent state all together. Each of these three hubs are unique in their own ways with enough to do to keep a traveller busy, ranging from breath-taking landscapes, through to beautiful and historically significant temples.
Having been occupied by a number of Indian kings and rulers till the 12th century when it was invaded and under Turkish Rule till 1586 finally falling to the mighty Mughal Emperor – Akbar, after joint armies invaded Kashmir led by Hindu King Bhagawant Das and his aide RamchandraI.
We decided to go to Kashmir during the summer vacation. I went there with my parents. We left for Jammu by train. We reached Jammu the following morning. We stayed in Jammu for one day. Then we went to Srinagar by bus. We saw Shalimar Bagh and Nishat Garden. There were very beautiful flowers and fruit trees in the garden. I enjoyed the beauty of Nature. We hired a 'Shikara' in Dal Lake. We also went to see Gulmarg. It is very famous for its beauty. Then we went to Pahalgam. It is also a very beautiful place. Kashmir is famous for its handicrafts. We bought some wooden toys, sarees and shawls. We stayed in Kashmir for ten days. Then we returned to Delhi. The sweet memory of the Kashmir Valley is still fresh in my mind.
The most famous of Kashmir’s Mughal gardens and undoubtedly the finest. It was built by Emperor Jahangir in 1619 AD. It is connected to Lake Dal by a canal which is about a mile long and 12 yards in width. Its layout probably influenced the later design of the garden at the Taj Mahal. The garden is divided into four terraces and there is a line of ponds or reservoirs running down the centre of the garden. The water flows down each terrace in stone chutes carved in many patterns of shell and fish. A pavilion, used as a banqueting hall by the Royal family, was placed in the middle of a shallow lake - 52 yards square, three and a half feet deep and containing 140 large fountains.