What travelers say
Before 1868, Tokyo was known as Edo owing its name to a small castle town in the 16th century, that became Japan's political centre. Little by little, Edo changed into one of the world's most populous cities. In 1868, the emperor and the capital were moved from Kyoto to Edo, later called Tokyo or eastern capital. Tokyo was partly destroyed by the Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923 and the air raids of 1945.
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