Located in the central basin of north Taiwan Island, Taipei, meaning 'North
Taiwan', is the island's capital and largest city.
Taipei has over 2,5 million inhabitants with a density of 9,736 inhabitants per square kilometre,
and including the suburbs and metro cities, the city is home to almost 5 million people.
The capital is surrounded by hills and through the city three rivers run: in the north Keelung River, in the west Tamsui River, and in the east Hsintien River.
Taipei became the administrative, cultural and economic centre of Taiwan at the end of 19th century when it gained economic importance due to the trade of tea.
Today, Taipei is a very busy, modern city and is now home to the world's tallest skyscraper, TAIPEI 101 (total height 509 metres-1,671 feet).
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