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Culture and Geography

Quick facts and information about culture and geography of Puerto Rico

Culture and Geography

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Tribal groups like the Ortoiroid, Igneri and Arawak Indians were among the first inhabitants of Puerto Rico. The island was soon discovered by Christopher Columbus. During that period, the Tainos culture was dominant. The nation then came under the Spanish Empire and was their military post during several wars. During the Spanish-American war in 1898, it came under the American rule and is still a Commonwealth under the United States.   

Puerto Rican culture is a hybrid mix of African, Taino, Spanish and North American cultures. In particular, its music especially the bomba and plena are results of African influence. Arts, crafts, dance and sports are important aspects of Puerto Rican culture. The island’s architectural structure reflects its strong Spanish background.

Located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, Puerto Rico lies to the east of the Dominican Republic and to the west of the Virgin Islands. The island is mainly divided into three parts: the mountainous part, which consists of the Cordillera Central, Sierra de Luquillo Mountains, Sierra de Cayey and Sierra Bermeja; the coastal plains and the northern karst region.

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What travelers say

Moises M Rueda Leon 5/22/2014 At 17:24
Ponce 7
Una cuidad con muchas oportunidades de desarollo en...

LUIS 1/17/2013 At 14:56
San juan 9
I love the city but it need more police officers...

Yoram Istangy 12/23/2012 At 05:12
San juan 2
Horrible. Was afraid of walking the streets and...