At the harbour, is the Castle of Paphos, a Byzantine fort. There are the mysterious Tombs of the Kings, the Pillar on which Saint Paul was allegedly tied and flogged, the ancient Odeon Theatre, the Byzantine Museum and the District Archaeological Museum, with its collection of Cypriot antiquities from the Neolithic Age to 1700 AD.
Near Odeon, there are the remains of the ancient city walls and the Roman market. Among other treasures, are the exquisite, beautifully preserved mosaics in the Houses of Dionysos, ... More Theseus and Aion.
This remarkable history has led to Paphos being included in the official UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List.
The original town of Old Paphos, today the site of Kouklia, lay at some distance from the sea. New Paphos, was founded on the coast, with access to a good natural harbour.
The town declined throughout the British colonial period and Paphos remained an underdeveloped and underpopulated region of the island until 1974. After this date there ... More was rapid economic development, especially in tourism.
Then came government investment in irrigation and transport infrastructure, including the building of Paphos International Airport. Private investment focussed on hotel and holiday home construction and the entertainment infrastructure.
Today Paphos, with a population of about 50,000 is a charming, busy fishing harbour and a popular tourist resort.
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