Siracusa, or Syracuse, is located on the eastern coast of Sicily, a large island off the southern tip of Italy. This city of approximately 122,000 inhabitants is partly spread over Ortigya Island, just off its coast. Ortigya Island houses most of the remains of the ancient city, while mainland Siracusa is the modern part of the city.
Siracusa enjoys a warm climate almost throughout the year. The average summer temperatures are around 30°C while in winter it rarely goes below 10°C. While dry winds during summer keep the climate very dry, winter sees a fair amount of rain.
Siracusa is an ancient settlement existing for more than 2,500 years. For a large part of its early existence, the city was ruled by Greeks; the effect of which can be seen even today.
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