Madrid can be described as an autonomous community pertaining to Spain. It lies at center of Spain.
This place has managed to retain certain remarkably diverse and unspoiled landscapes and habitats.
One would find mountain peaks which rise above 2000 meters; apart from low-lying plains and holm oak dehesas. The climate is quite pleasant. Population is around five millions.
Eat like a madrileño - it is useful to eat when the madrileños eat. The variety of restaurants is best when the locals enjoy their meals - that is at around 2-3 pm for lunch and at the earliest at 9 pm for dinner. Eat tapas - tapas are available everywhere and are plentiful and varied. These you can get outside of mealtimes as well. Go see flamenco. Madrid is the flamenco capitol. It is well worth going to see a tablao! Enjoy yourself and just sit around and enjoy the vibe of the city!
It's a cosmopolitan city full of tourist and cultural attractions. Don't miss the local restaurants where you can enjoy tapas. A tour of the museums (the Prado in the head, the Parque del Buen Retiro, the many churches). The connections between the city and the airport are very efficient and cheap. What about the people? Friendly and always ready to give advice on restaurants and sights to see.