Stockholm lies on the Swedish East Coast, between Lake Mälaren and the Baltic Sea. The city centre is built on fourteen islands. The climate is varied because of the sharp difference between summer and winter daylight time. The capital of Sweden (776,000 population) is the site of National Government and the residence of King Carl Gustaf XVI.
It was founded around 1250, but its golden age was in the XVII century, when Sweden was one of the main European powers. However, after the golden century the city went through a period of demographic and economic stagnation. Only in the late XIX century were new industries founded and Stockholm experienced a new renaissance.
Two UNESCO World Heritage sites are based in the Stockholm area: the Drottningholm Royal Palace and the Skogskyrkogården Forest Cemetery.
The city is also famous for many museums, around seventy, visited by millions of people every year. In the oldest part of Stockholm the first choice is usually to visit the Royal Palace and the main museums, like Livrustkammaren (the Royal Armoury) and Skattkammaren (the Royal Treasury) and the Changing of the Guards in the Outer Courtyard.
In Gamla Stan, there are also the Nobelmuseet (the Nobel Museum) and Riddarhuset (the House of Nobility).
Stockholm is a vibrant water city, where we can find parts of Venice and Amsterdam at the same time. Moreover, its centre has a lot of parks and gardens.
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