Guanajuato, Mexico has an area of 244,938 sq km and a population of 3,241,400. Its capital is Guanajuato City.
Guanajuato is bounded by the Mexican states of San Luis Potosí, Queretaro, Michoacan and Jalisco. The topography is diverse with mountains, plateaus, valleys and plains.
Prior to pre-Hispanic times, the region was originally inhabited by nomadic tribes.