Sydney, Australia’s oldest and largest city, is located in the state of New South Wales on the continent’s southeast coast. Sydney was the site of the first European colony in Australia, established in 1788 in Sydney Cove soon after the arrival of Captain James Cook in the nearby Botany Bay.
Sydney is Australia’s most populous city, with a cosmopolitan population of over 4.2 million people. The popular tourist destination is situated around the world’s largest natural harbour, Darling Harbour, which is also regarded as the most beautiful of its kind.
Sydney enjoys warm summers and mild winters, with rainfall spread throughout the year. Although the city was established as a British colony, it was a well-established city by 1822. Over the years, it has seen rapid urbanisation and is now a modern, organized metropolis.
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