Taupo is located at the north-east end of Lake Taupo, New Zealand’s largest lake. The town was formed as a result of massive volcanic eruptions many years ago. It is typified by a temperate climate, with the summer temperatures ranging from 10°C–25°C and winter temperatures ranging from 1°C–12°C.
Taupo has a population of 20,000; the topography of the region consists of volcanic mountains, some of which are still active, lakes and considerable vegetation.
The first settlers of the region were from the Tuwharetoi Maori tribe, who arrived in the thirteenth century. European settlers arrived only in the early nineteenth century. Until the twentieth century, Taupo was still underdeveloped; however, then the potential for geothermal energy and tourism were realised.
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