Pest in Budapest
Budapest’s name is the synthesis of what used to be two neighboring cities divided by the Danube River. Pest is the easternmost flat part of the city, and is often said by the locals when they are referring to the entire capital of the city of Budapest. Pest makes up roughly two thirds of the city’s geographic territory, and houses some very important institutions, such as the Hungarian Parliament.
Pest is considered the inner part of the city, as it is more busy and houses more businesses in a densely populated area, contrast to Buda, which is on the west side of the river and is mostly woodland.
In the, 12th, and 13th centuries, Pest became an important economic center of Europe, but was destroyed by the Mongol invasion of Hungary in 1241. However, the city was able to be rebuilt shortly thereafter, and would eventually be connected to the neighboring city of Buda via the erection of the the Széchenyi Chain Bridge. This connection would soon lead to the unification of Pest, Buda, and Óbuda in 1873, forming the Hungarian city we now know as Budapest.