Monuments in Mamallapuram
Mahabalipuram, which houses a group of monuments, is situated at about fifty-eight km from Chennai in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. It was designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984.
It is known as the center for arts and culture of Pallavas, which is believed to be over two-thousand years old! It contains around forty monuments that include the world’s largest open-air bas-relief.
Main tourist attractions here are the 11 temples or Madapas, including 2 open-air bas-reliefs. One of them is still incomplete and the other one is considered to be Arjuna’s Penance.
Besides these, there is one grand chariot (Ratha) cut out from a rock. 5 more Rathas can be located in the South. 3 big stone sculptures of a Lion, a Nandi and an elephant as well as a ruined palace can also be found on the site.
The Shore Temple and The Temple of Sthalasayana Perumal are possibly the best of all the monuments. The Tigers Cave is another well-known tourist attraction.