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Rome Travel Guide  

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Info about Rome

Area:
1287 km2
Elevation:
21 m
Population:
2870528 [2014-07-31]
Overview

Rome, also known as the Eternal City, is the wonderful capital city of Italy and of its Latium region. It is located on the Tiber and Aniene rivers, on the Tiber River, in the central part of the country near the Tyrrhenian Sea and is blessed by a great Mediterranean climate. The Vatican City, recognized as an independent state by the Italian government since 1929, is the seat of the Roman Catholic Church and the home of the Pope.
Rome’s history is incredibly long (about 2800 years!) and really unique: for long time the city has been the most powerful and glorious one in the western world. According to the legend, everything started in 753 BC, when the city was founded on the Palatine Hill by Romulus, the first of seven kings which ruled Rome until 509 BC. Two of the last three kings were said to be Etruscan.
Around 510 BC, Rome became a Republic and it started an incredible expansion. By the end of the Republic the city was the only leader of a large empire dominating the whole of the Mediterranean.
After the civil wars of the 1st century BC., Julius Caesar became dictator and instituted a series of reforms: it was the end of the republic. However, the grandeur of Rome increased under Caesar Augustus (the first emperor ) and his successors.
Starting from the early 3rd century, matters changed: Rome formally remained capital of the empire but emperors spent less and less time there. In 330, Constantine established a second capital at Constantinople and even the later western emperors ruled from Milan or Ravenna, not Rome. This dark period got worse in 410 and 455 when Rome was sacked and profaned by invading Germanic tribes. Attempts were made to preserve the physical plant of the city in the face of growing chaos, but occupation by the Ostrogoths in the 6th century, subsequent Byzantine reoccupation, and concomitant destruction all contributed to a precipitous decline. The only social force remaining after the fall of the Roman Empire of the West was the Christian Church. Rome soon became the capital of the catholic world, and this would be the importance of Rome for more than a thousand years to come.
The city's fortunes began to improve in the 11th century and after the middle of the 15th century the city became a centre of Renaissance culture and it lived tranquil times until the Napoleonic wars of the early 19th century. With the Napoleonic wars, the Pope was expelled, but he returned with the restoration after the war.
In 1871 Rome became the capital of united Italy. A great growth followed: whole new quarters were constructed and by the beginning of the 20th century the entire area within the ancient walls had been built up. High embankments were built along the Tiber to prevent floods, and most of the city was extensively modernized.
When the fascists, under Benito Mussolini’s guide, took over power in 1921, many additions and adaptations where made to Rome. As the discussed creation of the Via dei Fori Imperiali in front of the Vatican (for the construction of which a large part of the old Borgo neighbourhood was destroyed) and the founding of new quarters as the "Esposizione Universale di Roma simply known as Eur.
During the Second World War Rome suffered some heavy bombings and on June 4, 1944 it fell to the Allies.
Today, Rome is not only the charming capital of Italy and its political heart but, as the seat of the Roman Catholic church and the headquarters of major international agencies and multinational corporations, a modern city that has assumed a place of worldwide importance.
Thanks to its incredibly rich heritage of archaeological and artistic treasures, the Eternal City is without any doubts one of the most popular and famous tourist destinations in the whole world, too. Every year thousands of tourists visit Rome and many of them live a piece of their heart in it.

Area code:
06
Time zone:
UTC+1
Demonym:
romani
Patron:
santi Pietro e Paolo
Holiday:
29 giugno
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Overall rating

1272
Very good
222
Good
66
Average
18
Low

Who was there

All
256
Youth travel
89
Couples
75
Families
58
Aged Tourists
51

Indicators

Attractions
shopping
Things to do
Accommodation
Eating & drinking
Welcome
Entertainment
Transportation
Safety
Accessibility
Services for tourists
Asequibilidad
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Reviews Rome

Do you know Rome? Tell us you opinion!

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Move the pointer on the adjective that best represents this destination
General:
Horrible
Wonderful
tommaso longobardi
Level 9     1 Trophy    Viaggia: Friends
Overall rating 9
Overall Guide : It's a city full of great works, from a historical point of view it's a city full of surprises. But it's definitely not a place to have loads of fun. So, it's a tourist town for families and people interested... more in art. There are restaurants with traditional food, and if you go to the suburbs the prices are lower.
ssss
Level 9     1 Trophy    Viaggia: Friends
Overall rating 10
Overall Guide : Budget at least 20euro a day for sightseeing and 30euros a day for food. Save money by shopping at a local market in the mornings, great prices and amazingly fresh fruits, veggies, cheese, olives, beads... anything you could want! July... more & August are HOT - pack light, pack stylish, it is ROME after all!
Not to be missed Colosseum , aquaducts , cooking class
Cheryl Cooper
Overall rating 9
Overall Guide : I loved everything about Rome. The history in the city is awesome. The food was delicious. The people friendly. I am looking forward to returning later this year. A visit to the Colosseum, the Sistine Chapel and The Vatican are... more unforgettable experiences.
ANTUVAN DS
Level 9     1 Trophy   
Overall rating 9
Overall Guide : Vatican city , the unforgettable experience. The blessings of the Holy Father, visit to St.Peter's church, St.Paul's church and other churches and the historical momuments of Rome are everlasting memories. Would like to visit again with family, if God is willing
giuseppe vallone
Level 30     3 Trophy    Viaggia: Family
Overall rating 10
Overall Guide : It's a beautiful city, both for the historical monuments and for the people, they're very personable. There are affordable restaurants and hotels, as well as luxurious ones. There are loads of things to do. It's worth going out at night,... more too, by car or public transport
Nieuwoudt Boshoff
Level 9     1 Trophy    Viaggia: Solo
Overall rating 8
Overall Guide : I simply loved Rome!! Will definitely be going back there again. A word advise though. When planning visits to St Peter's Basilica, the Coliseum, and the Papal Museums, make sure to set aside the whole day, and be arrive as... more early in the morning as possible, as queues can be up to 3-4 hours long.
Overall rating 10
Overall Guide : Wonderful city with amazing historical atmosphere, and nice people. Traffic is little bit chaotic, but it´s typical for Rome. I want to visit this city one more time.
Overall rating 10
Overall Guide : will rome snow in another week after the other week like weekend and friday at 11 .11 yes / no
Marco Alciati
Level 9     1 Trophy   
Overall rating 10
Overall Guide : It's an unforgettable city that you must see. Don't forget to see the Aqueducts where nature and culture come together in the largest urban park in Europe (Appia Antica park).
Ilaria
Level 9     1 Trophy    Viaggia: Couple, Family
Overall rating 9
Overall Guide : Go to see it, I would live there if I could. The people are very open-minded and are not prejudiced, the monuments are magnificent, don't miss Piazza di Spagna and the steps, the Trevi Fountain, the Colosseum, Trastevere and all... more the bars.
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Destinations near Rome

Orvieto, Assisi, Perugia, Pienza, Cortona, Siena, Elba
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Type of holidays

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Students
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Young & single
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Pilgrimage
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Sport
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What to visit

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