Ancient History in Athens
Throughout history, Athens has played such an important and fundamental role in the Arts, Culture, developing of Western mentality, culture and language that, up to this day, the Greek city is so rich with archaeological landmarks, not only of that country but belonging to the entire World history!
The Acropolis, also known as the "Sacred Rock", is the most important ancient heritage of Greece. It has been Athens's main attraction since the 5th century BC and it's dedicated to Athena, the goddess of wisdom and protector of the city.
The Parthenon , the most famous ancient Greek temple ever, stands proudly over the modern Athens and it's a reminder of the great civilisation it has witnessed. The Acropolis can be seen from nearly any side of Athens. It was, and still is, the ultimate achievement of the city's classical and architectural glory.
Then you can move on to the Ancient Agorà (old market square); it was the commercial, administrative and social centre of Athens. During the Classical Age many admirable men used to spend time here, like Socrates, Sophocles and Aristotle, expressing their thoughts and ideas. The area is in ruins, but many remains can still be visited such as the Temple of Hephestus, that is the best preserved Doric Temple in Greece.
Then the Theatre of Herodes Atticus, one of the most impressive monuments of Athens and a testimony of the strong Roman influence in ancient times: it's hosting today the Athens Festival, with performances of theatre, music and dance and is also a landmark that exposes just how much the theatre and performances were important as part of the ancient Greek culture! It's located on the South slope of the Acropolis and was built by a wealthy Roman, Herodes Atticus, in memory of his wife Regilla.
Another testimony of the Roman culture and influence is the Roman Stadium: built in the 4th century BC, it was hosting the Panathenaic Athletic contests, then abandoned for many years and finally restored to host and welcome the first Olympic Games in 1896. There's so much more to discover of Athens, one of the beating hearts of the Western World history!